How Tattoos Are Made

Lower back Tattoo
Photo by: Wikimedia, Creative Commons

You might be fascinated in tattoos. You may be planning to get one. It is just that you haven’t gathered enough courage to go one. The original machine used for tattooing was invented by Samuel O’Reilly in the latter part of the 1800s.

The design was based on an autographic printer that was an engraving machine created by Thomas Edison. The printer’s purpose was to engrave on hard surfaces. This was modified by O’Reilly to allow the equipment to be able to drive the needle. Over time, few modifications have been done to O’Reilly’s designs.

The modern machines for tattooing include basic components.

These have a tube system that draws ink through the machine, an electric motor, a sterilized needle, and foot pedal that is similar to the kinds that are used in sewing machines. The foot pedal is responsible in controlling the vertical movement of the machine’s needle.

A person’s tattoo is actually the visible ink on a person’s epidermis, which is the outer layer of the skin. This ink is actually placed on the dermis or the second layer of the skin. This is because of the fact that the cells on the dermis are more constant than the ones that are found on the epidermis. This assures you that the ink of the tattoo will stay put and will only suffer from minor fading or a bit of scattering for the life period of the tattoo’s bearer.

Tattoo artists will first wash their hands before performing the process. They will make sure that they don’t have any cuts and abrasions on their hands. After the inspection, the will make sure that the work area is clean and treat it with a disinfectant, such as an EPA-approved viricide. Plastic bags are placed on spray bottles to avoid cross-contamination.

When you approach a tattoo artist, they will brief you about the process of sterilization and they will remove all the tools that will be used on your skin from the sterile packaging in front of you. After these precautions, they will shave the area where you want the tattoo to be placed and disinfect it with water and antiseptic soap. After all these steps, this is when the real process of tattooing will begin.

Beginning Tattooing

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